A Different Kind of Masterpiece

Beauty is in the eye of the beholder; Beauty is art. To celebrate beauty where ever we may find it. All that delights the senses, visual, auditory, taste, touch and be it natural, man made, culinary - eye candy in general and sensory delights.

Wednesday, January 09, 2008

 

Mount Rushmore

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Rushmore

Image:MountRushmore monument.jpg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Image:MountRushmore monument.jpg
In 1924, Robinson persuaded sculptor Gutzon Borglum to travel to the Black Hills region to ensure that the carving could be accomplished. Borglum had been involved in sculpting a massive bas-relief memorial to Confederate leaders on Stone Mountain in Georgia but was in disagreement with the officials there.[6] The original plan was to perform the carvings in granite pillars known as the Needles. However, Borglum realized that that plan was impossible because the eroded Needles were too thin to support sculpting. He chose Mount Rushmore, a grander spot, partly because it faced southeast and enjoyed maximum exposure to the sun. Borglum said upon seeing Mount Rushmore, "America will march along that skyline."[7] Congress authorized the Mount Rushmore National Memorial Commission on March 3, 1925.[7] President Coolidge insisted that along with Washington, two Republicans and one Democrat be portrayed.[8]

Between October 4, 1927 and October 31, 1941, Gutzon Borglum and 400 workers sculpted the colossal 60-foot (18 m) carvings of U.S. presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln to represent the first 150 years of American history. These presidents were selected by Borglum because of their role in preserving the Republic and expanding its territory.[7][9] The image of Thomas Jefferson was originally intended to appear in the area at Washington's right, but after the work there was begun, the rock was found unsuitable, so this figure was moved to Washington's left.

In a canyon behind the carved faces is a chamber, cut only 70 feet (21 m) into the rock, containing a vault with sixteen porcelain enamel panels. The panels include the text of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution, biographies of the four presidents and Borglum, and the history of the U.S. The chamber was created as the entranceway to a planned "Hall of Records"; the vault was installed in 1998.
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